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Debian 6 Samba Server Samba BDC

식빵TV 2016.05.23 20:49

Debian 6 Samba Server Samba BDC


Samba BDC

  Configure Samba BDC (backup domain controller). Of course, Samba PDC is required to be running in your LAN and also this Samba BDC is LDAP client.




1. smb.conf is almost the same with PDC. Different section is 'domain master' section.


root@slave:~# aptitude -y install smbldap-tools 


root@slave:~# mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.bak 

root@slave:~# cp /usr/share/doc/smbldap-tools/examples/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf 

root@slave:~# vi /etc/samba/smb.conf 


# line 3: change workgroup name to any one

workgroup = ServerWorld


# line 12: maike it comment

#min passwd length = 3


# line 22: change

ldap passwd sync = yes


# line 33,34: change

Dos charset = CP932

Unix charset = UTF-8


# line 42: change (different section from PDC)

domain master = No


# line 47: change (specify LDAP server)

passdb backend = ldapsam:ldap://10.0.0.100/


# line 48: change LDAP admin DN (LDAP server's one)

ldap admin dn = cn=admin,dc=server,dc=world


# line 50: change LDAP suffix (LDAP server's one)

ldap suffix = dc=server,dc=world

ldap group suffix = ou=groups

ldap user suffix = ou=people


# line 60: uncomment

delete group script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-groupdel "%g"


# line 64: add (specify admin user, so SSL)

set primary group script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-usermod -g '%g' '%u'

admin users = domainadm

ldap ssl = no


root@slave:~# mkdir /home/netlogon 

root@slave:~# /etc/init.d/samba restart 

Stopping Samba daemons: nmbd smbd.

Starting Samba daemons: nmbd smbd.


root@slave:~# smbpasswd -W # add LDAP admin's password

Setting stored password for "cn=admin,dc=server,dc=world" in secrets.tdb

New SMB password:# LDAP admin password

Retype new SMB password: 


root@slave:~# net rpc getsid# get SID in PDC

Storing SID S-1-5-21-2752024775-1437179205-4226352253 for Domain SERVERWORLD in secrets.tdb   # remember this


root@slave:~# gzip -d /usr/share/doc/smbldap-tools/configure.pl.gz 

root@slave:~# perl /usr/share/doc/smbldap-tools/configure.pl 

$# is no longer supported at /usr/share/doc/smbldap-tools/configure.pl line 314.

-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

smbldap-tools script configuration

-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

Before starting, check

. if your samba controller is up and running.

. if the domain SID is defined (you can get it with the 'net getlocalsid')


. you can leave the configuration using the Crtl-c key combination

. empty value can be set with the "." character

-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

Looking for configuration files...


Samba Configuration File Path [/etc/samba/smb.conf] > # Enter


The default directory in which the smbldap configuration files are stored is shown.

If you need to change this, enter the full directory path, then press enter to continue.

Smbldap-tools Configuration Directory Path [/etc/smbldap-tools/] >   # Enter

-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

Let's start configuring the smbldap-tools scripts ...


. workgroup name: name of the domain Samba act as a PDC

workgroup name [ServerWorld] > # Enter

. netbios name: netbios name of the samba controler

netbios name [PDC-SRV] > # Enter

. logon drive: local path to which the home directory will be connected (for NT Workstations). Ex: 'H:'

logon drive [H:] > # Enter

. logon home: home directory location (for Win95/98 or NT Workstation).

(use %U as username) Ex:'\\PDC-SRV\%U'

logon home (press the "." character if you don't want homeDirectory) [\\PDC-SRV\%U] > .   # input a period

. logon path: directory where roaming profiles are stored. Ex:'\\PDC-SRV\profiles\%U'

logon path (press the "." character if you don't want roaming profile) [\\PDC-SRV\profiles\%U] > .   # input a period

. home directory prefix (use %U as username) [/home/%U] > # Enter

. default users' homeDirectory mode [700] > # Enter

. default user netlogon script (use %U as username) [logon.bat] >   # Enter

default password validation time (time in days) [45] > # Enter

. ldap suffix [dc=server,dc=world] > # Enter

. ldap group suffix [ou=groups] > # Enter

. ldap user suffix [ou=people] > # Enter

. ldap machine suffix [ou=Computers] > # Enter

. Idmap suffix [ou=Idmap] > # Enter

. sambaUnixIdPooldn: object where you want to store the next uidNumber

and gidNumber available for new users and groups

sambaUnixIdPooldn object (relative to ) [sambaDomainName=ServerWorld] >   # Enter

. ldap master server: IP adress or DNS name of the master (writable) ldap server

ldap master server [10.0.0.100] > # Enter

. ldap master port [389] > # Enter

. ldap master bind dn [cn=admin,dc=server,dc=world] > # Enter

. ldap master bind password [] > # LDAP admin password

. ldap slave server: IP adress or DNS name of the slave ldap server: can also be the master one

ldap slave server [10.0.0.100] > # specify LDAP slave's IP (Enter with empy if none)

. ldap slave port [389] > # Enter

. ldap slave bind dn [cn=admin,dc=server,dc=world] > # Enter

. ldap slave bind password [] > # Input if there is, if not input the same one with master

. ldap tls support (1/0) [0] > # Enter

. SID for domain SERVERWORLD: SID of the domain (can be obtained with 'net getlocalsid PDC-SRV')

SID for domain SERVERWORLD [] > S-1-5-21-3384720482-3867734248-996360603   # input SID (same to PDC)

. unix password encryption: encryption used for unix passwords

unix password encryption (CRYPT, MD5, SMD5, SSHA, SHA) [SSHA] > MD5   # MD5

. default user gidNumber [513] > # Enter

. default computer gidNumber [515] > # Enter

. default login shell [/bin/bash] > # Enter

. default skeleton directory [/etc/skel] > # Enter

. default domain name to append to mail adress [] > # Enter

-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

Use of uninitialized value $# in concatenation (.) or string at /usr/share/doc/smbldap-tools/configure.pl line 314, <STDIN> line 33.

backup old configuration files:

  /etc/smbldap-tools/smbldap.conf->/etc/smbldap-tools/smbldap.conf.old

  /etc/smbldap-tools/smbldap_bind.conf->/etc/smbldap-tools/smbldap_bind.conf.old

writing new configuration file:

  /etc/smbldap-tools/smbldap.conf done.

  /etc/smbldap-tools/smbldap_bind.conf done.

root@slave:~# /etc/init.d/samba restart 

Stopping Samba daemons: nmbd smbd.

Starting Samba daemons: nmbd smbd.


root@slave:~# pdbedit -L # confirm users' info

root:0:root# make sure the result is the same with PDC

nobody:65534:nobody

domainadm:1007:domainadm

e-fd3s$:1008:E-FD3S$

rx-78$:1009:RX-78$



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